Could Clay Help Attack Superbugs?

Could Clay Help Attack Superbugs?

The ancient remedy could provide a new weapon against microbes Continue reading ?
DNews: The Dreaded Turbulence: What...

DNews: The Dreaded Turbulence: What Makes Flights Bumpy

Most of us probably breathe a sigh of relief when the captain promises "a smooth ride" to wherever we're flying. But, as DNews explains, turbulence is really no big deal.
Why Antarctic Sea Ice Isn't Shrinki...

Why Antarctic Sea Ice Isn't Shrinking

Winds, currents and seafloor features may be responsible for keeping Antarctica's sea ice intact.
Why Is India's Heat Wave Off the Ch...

Why Is India's Heat Wave Off the Chart?

An oppressive heat wave in India led to a record temperature of 123.8 degrees Fahrenheit -- the highest ever in Asia.
Live on a Farm by the Sea for Just ...

Live on a Farm by the Sea for Just $1.50

A four-bedroom bungalow and 416 sheep are all covered by the annual rent. Scenic views available at no additional cost. Continue reading ?
US: 1 in 8 Swimming Pools Closed fo...

US: 1 in 8 Swimming Pools Closed for Health Violations

One in eight swimming pools in five populous states are closed upon inspection due to dirty and potentially dangerous water, the CDC reported this week. Continue reading ?

Yahoo Science

Red tide, the toxic algae bloom tha...

Red tide, the toxic algae bloom that kills wildlife, returns to southwest Florida

Red tide, the toxic algae bloom that kills wildlife, returns to southwest FloridaSouthwest Florida is warily watching the return of red tide, a toxic algae bloom that cost businesses nearly $150 million in losses last year

Hair-raising truth behind pigeons&#...

Hair-raising truth behind pigeons' lost toes

Hair-raising truth behind pigeons' lost toesNext time you visit your hairdresser spare a thought for the pigeons. For a long time scientists thought the fact that pigeons in urban environments often lost their toes was due to some form of infection, or was a reaction to chemical pollutants. The team from the National Museum of Natural History and the University of Lyon recorded the occurrence and extent of toe mutilations from pigeons eking out their time in 46 sites across Paris.

3-D climate modeling could fine-tun...

3-D climate modeling could fine-tune the search for faraway signs of alien life

3-D climate modeling could fine-tune the search for faraway signs of alien lifeAstronomers have identified thousands of stars that have planets, and that number could mushroom even faster when waves of next-generation telescopes come online. But where are the best places to look for life? A newly released study focuses on the most plentiful category of stars in our Milky Way galaxy ? M-dwarf stars, also known as red dwarfs ? and delivers good news as well as bad news for astrobiologists. The good news is that 3-D climate modeling of atmospheric chemistry can produce a more comprehensive assessment of a planet's potential habitability. On a basic level, a planetary system's habitable? Read More

?Ultima Thule? no more: New Horizon...

?Ultima Thule? no more: New Horizons? space snowman is named Arrokoth

?Ultima Thule? no more: New Horizons? space snowman is named ArrokothThe snowman-shaped object that NASA's New Horizons probe flew past nearly a year ago on the solar system's icy fringe now has a Native American name: Arrokoth, a word that means "sky" in the Powhatan/Algonquian language. Arrokoth replaces earlier labels for the Kuiper Belt object, including the numerical designation 2014 MU69 and the nickname Ultima Thule, which turned out to be rather controversial. Members of the New Horizons science team announced today that their proposed name has won approval by the International Astronomical Union and its Minor Planet Center. Before making the proposal, the scientists won the consent of elders? Read More

EPA to Tighten Limits on Science Us...

EPA to Tighten Limits on Science Used to Write Public Health Rules

EPA to Tighten Limits on Science Used to Write Public Health RulesWASHINGTON -- The Trump administration is preparing to significantly limit the scientific and medical research that the government can use to determine public health regulations, overriding protests from scientists and physicians who say the new rule would undermine the scientific underpinnings of government policymaking.A new draft of the Environmental Protection Agency proposal, titled Strengthening Transparency in Regulatory Science, would require that scientists disclose all of their raw data, including confidential medical records, before the agency could consider an academic study's conclusions. EPA officials called the plan a step toward transparency and said the disclosure of raw data would allow conclusions to be verified independently."We are committed to the highest quality science," Andrew Wheeler, the EPA administrator, told a congressional committee in September. "Good science is science that can be replicated and independently validated, science that can hold up to scrutiny. That is why we're moving forward to ensure that the science supporting agency decisions is transparent and available for evaluation by the public and stakeholders."The measure would make it more difficult to enact new clean air and water rules because many studies detailing the links between pollution and disease rely on personal health information gathered under confidentiality agreements. And, unlike a version of the proposal that surfaced in early 2018, this one could apply retroactively to public health regulations already in place."This means the EPA can justify rolling back rules or failing to update rules based on the best information to protect public health and the environment, which means more dirty air and more premature deaths," said Paul Billings, senior vice president for advocacy at the American Lung Association.Public health experts warned that studies that have been used for decades -- to show, for example, that mercury from power plants impairs brain development, or that lead in paint dust is tied to behavioral disorders in children -- might be inadmissible when existing regulations come up for renewal.For instance, a groundbreaking 1993 Harvard University project that definitively linked polluted air to premature deaths, currently the foundation of the nation's air-quality laws, could become inadmissible. When gathering data for their research, known as the Six Cities study, scientists signed confidentiality agreements to track the private medical and occupational histories of more than 22,000 people in six cities. They combined that personal data with home air-quality data to study the link between chronic exposure to air pollution and mortality.But the fossil fuel industry and some Republican lawmakers have long criticized the analysis and a similar study by the American Cancer Society, saying the underlying data sets of both were never made public, preventing independent analysis of the conclusions.The change is part of a broader administration effort to weaken the scientific underpinnings of policymaking. Senior administration officials have tried to water down the testimony of government scientists, publicly chastised scientists who have dissented from President Donald Trump's positions and blocked government researchers from traveling to conferences to present their work.In this case, the administration is taking aim at public health studies conducted outside the government that could justify tightening regulations on smog in the air, mercury in water, lead in paint and other potential threats to human health.Scott Pruitt, the former administrator of the EPA, had made publication of underlying scientific data a top priority and tried to rush a proposal through the regulatory system in 2018. After he resigned that July, Pruitt's successor, Wheeler, delayed the transparency rule and suggested the EPA needed time to address the chorus of opposition from environmental and public health groups.But a draft of the revised regulation headed for White House review and obtained by The New York Times shows that the administration intends to widen its scope, not narrow it.The previous version of the regulation would have applied only to a certain type of research, "dose-response" studies in which levels of toxicity are studied in animals or humans. The new proposal would require access to the raw data for virtually every study that the EPA considers."EPA is proposing a broader applicability," the new regulation states, saying that open data should not be limited to certain types of studies.Most significantly, the new proposal would apply retroactively. A separate internal EPA memo viewed by The New York Times shows that the agency had considered, but ultimately rejected, an option that might have allowed foundational studies like Harvard's Six Cities study to continue to be used.An EPA spokeswoman said in an emailed statement, "The agency does not discuss draft, deliberative documents or actions still under internal and interagency review."On Wednesday, the House Committee on Science, Space and Technology will hold a hearing on the EPA's efforts. A top pulmonary specialist and a representative of the country's largest nonprofit funder of research on Parkinson's disease, the Michael J. Fox Foundation, are expected to testify that the EPA's proposed rule would eliminate the use of valuable research showing the dangers of pollution to human health.Pruitt's original proposal drew nearly 600,000 comments, the vast majority of them in opposition. Among those commenting were leading public health groups and some of the country's top scientific organizations like the American Association for the Advancement of Science.The National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners said it was "deeply concerned" that the rule would lead to the exclusion of studies, "ultimately resulting in weaker environmental and health protections and greater risks to children's health." The National Center for Science Education said ruling out studies that do not use open data "would send a deeply misleading message, ignoring the thoughtful processes that scientists use to ensure that all relevant evidence is considered." The Medical Library Association and the Association of Academic Health Science Libraries said the proposal "contradicts our core values."Industry groups said the rule would ensure greater public understanding of the science behind regulations that cost consumers money."Transparency, reproducibility and application of current scientific knowledge are paramount to providing the foundation required for sound regulations," the American Chemistry Council wrote to the EPA in support of the plan.The new version does not appear to have taken any of the opposition into consideration. At a meeting of the agency's independent science advisory board this summer, Wheeler said he was "a little shocked" at the amount of opposition to the proposal, but he was committed to finalizing it.Beyond retroactivity, the latest version stipulates that all data and models used in studies under consideration at the EPA would have to be made available to the agency so it can reanalyze research itself. The politically appointed agency administrator would have wide-ranging discretion over which studies to accept or reject."It was hard to imagine that they could have made this worse, but they did," said Michael Halpern, deputy director for the Center for Science and Democracy at the Union of Concerned Scientists, a nonprofit advocacy group. He added, "This is a wholesale politicization of the process."Academics are not typically required to turn over private data when submitting studies for peer review by other specialists in the field, or for publication in scientific journals, the traditional ways scientific research is evaluated. If academics were to turn over the raw data to be made available for public review, the EPA would have to spend hundreds of millions of dollars to redact private information, according to one federal estimate.The Six Cities study and a 1995 American Cancer Society analysis of 1.2 million people that confirmed the Harvard findings appear to be the inspiration of the regulation.The proposal gives the public 30 days to offer comments on the changes to the EPA's plan. Agency officials have said they hope to finalize the measure in 2020."The original goal was to stop EPA from relying on these two studies unless the data is made public," said Steven Milloy, a member of Trump's EPA transition team who runs, a website that questions established climate change science and contends particulate matter in smog does not harm human health.He dismissed concerns that the new rule could be used to unravel existing regulations, but he said he did expect it to prevent pollution rules from getting tougher."The reality is, standards are not going to be tightened as long as there's a Republican in office," he said.This article originally appeared in The New York Times.(C) 2019 The New York Times Company

After visiting asteroid, Japan?s Ha...

After visiting asteroid, Japan?s Hayabusa 2 probe heads back to Earth with samples

After visiting asteroid, Japan?s Hayabusa 2 probe heads back to Earth with samplesJapan's Hayabusa 2 spacecraft and its science team bid a bittersweet farewell to the asteroid Ryugu, 180 million miles from Earth, and began the months-long return trip to Earth with a precious set of samples. "This is an emotional moment!" the team tweeted on Tuesday. ?It's sad to say goodbye to Ryugu,? project manager Yuichi Tsuda said at the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency's command center. ?Literally it has been at the center of our lives over the past one and a half years.? The farewell isn't finished quite yet, however. Over the next few days, Hayabusa 2's camera will capture? Read More

Mysteries behind interstellar bucky...

Mysteries behind interstellar buckyballs finally answered

Scientists have long been puzzled by the existence of so-called "buckyballs"?complex carbon molecules with a soccer-ball-like structure?throughout interstellar space. Now, a team of researchers from the University of Arizona has proposed a mechanism for their formation in a study published in the Astrophysical Journal Letters.
When reporting climate-driven human...

When reporting climate-driven human migration, place matters

A quick Google search for "What is driving migration from Central America?" reveals that nearly all of the top hits claim climate change as a major catalyst for the mass movement of people out of their home countries. University of Arizona climate researchers, however, have shown that the reality is much more nuanced.
Maybe banking culture doesn't alway...

Maybe banking culture doesn't always make people dishonest

Scientists say they were unable to confirm a highly publicized 2014 study that suggested banking culture can promote dishonesty.
Ancient cup given to 1st marathon v...

Ancient cup given to 1st marathon victor returned to Greece

An ancient Greek cup awarded as a prize to the marathon winner in the first modern Olympics of 1896 has been returned to Athens from a German university.
Tuna carbon ratios reveal shift in ...

Tuna carbon ratios reveal shift in food web

The ratio of carbon isotopes in three common species of tuna has changed substantially since 2000, suggesting major shifts are taking place in phytoplankton populations that form the base of the ocean's food web, a new international study finds.
Precisely poking cells en masse to ...

Precisely poking cells en masse to cure cancer

What if you could cure cancer by re-engineering patients' cells to better target and destroy their own tumors? With the advent of powerful new cellular engineering technologies, this is no longer the stuff of science fiction.


Anatomy professor uses 500-year-old...

Anatomy professor uses 500-year-old da Vinci drawings to guide cadaver dissection

Leonardo da Vinci dissected some 30 cadavers in his lifetime, leaving behind a trove of beautiful?and accurate?anatomical drawings.
Feast your eyes on the first-ever p...

Feast your eyes on the first-ever photos of a silver-backed chevrotain in the wild

The images confirm the species, which has been ?lost? to science for 29 years, is alive and well in its native Vietnam.
In a controversial study, DNA from ...

In a controversial study, DNA from today?s southern Africans hints at possible ?homeland? for modern humans

But many questions remain about the true origin of the Homo sapiens species.
From ashes to AI: How technology pu...

From ashes to AI: How technology puts a new lens on ancient texts

Recent breakthroughs in scanning, image processing, and machine learning are helping researchers read historic documents once considered lost to time.
Invasive, flammable grasses now bla...

Invasive, flammable grasses now blanket much of the United States

New research quantifies the fire risks of eight species of invasive grass.
Poor-quality sleep could prime the ...

Poor-quality sleep could prime the brain for an anxious day

From a neurobiology perspective, anxiety and sleep deprivation look very much alike.

Scientific American

Literacy Might Shield the Brain fro...

Literacy Might Shield the Brain from Dementia

An ability to read and write, even with little or no schooling, could offer protection

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Key Photosynthesis Complex Viewed i...

Key Photosynthesis Complex Viewed in Spinach

Findings fuel hopes for improved food-crop efficiency

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Hearing Is Seeing: Sound Waves Crea...

Hearing Is Seeing: Sound Waves Create a 3-D Display

An interactive system produces levitating images by projecting color onto a tiny bead as it zips around a darkened box

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Proposed Interstellar Mission Reach...

Proposed Interstellar Mission Reaches for the Stars, One Generation at a Time

Starting in the early 2030s, the project could become our first purposeful step out of the solar system—if it launches at all

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Frozen Researchers Will Greatly Imp...

Frozen Researchers Will Greatly Improve Arctic Weather Prediction

Their data will also bolster climate models that forecast extreme weather where we all live

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Western Individualism Arose from In...

Western Individualism Arose from Incest Taboo

Researchers link a Catholic Church ban on cousins marrying in the Middle Ages to the emergence of a way of life that made the West an outlier

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Eating tiny nutrient particles coul...

Eating tiny nutrient particles could be better than health supplements

Nutrient deficiency affects billions ? a solution may be to pack the nutrients into particles that can be cooked before releasing their contents in the stomach
We can now make animated 'sound hol...

We can now make animated 'sound holograms' that you can touch

Using a polystyrene bead, some speakers and a handful of LEDs, it is possible to make colourful animated 3D holograms that a user can touch and interact with
Why US police could be using your g...

Why US police could be using your genes to profile you right now

A worrying warrant for police access to a genealogy DNA databank in the US means no one?s genetic profile is safe ? even if you don?t use the services
Huge mysterious ape Gigantopithecus...

Huge mysterious ape Gigantopithecus was a distant cousin of orangutans

A pioneering technique has given us a glimpse at the family tree of Gigantopithecus, an extinct ape that was 2.5 metres tall and lived 300,000 years ago
Spectacular ice eggs have washed on...

Spectacular ice eggs have washed onto a beach in Finland

A combination of cold weather and just the right amount of wave motion has caused strange frozen spheres to cover a Finnish beach
A severe form of epilepsy could be ...

A severe form of epilepsy could be treated with cholesterol medication

A build-up of cholesterol in the brains of people with a severe form of epilepsy can cause prolonged seizures, but it may be possible to treat this with statins

NY Science

How to Peer Through a Wormhole

How to Peer Through a Wormhole

Theoretically, the universe may be riddled with tunnels through space and time. Two scientists have now proposed a way to detect the existence of a cosmic escape hatch.
Which Mammals on Land Migrate the F...

Which Mammals on Land Migrate the Farthest?

Scientists measured individual distances to compile a Top 5 list of ultramarathon runners of the mammalian kingdom.
A Silicon Valley Disruption for Bir...

A Silicon Valley Disruption for Birds That Gorge on Endangered Fish

To persuade some migrating Caspian terns to stop short of the Columbia River, scientists planted plastic decoys and patio speakers in San Francisco Bay.
If I Touched the Moon, What Would I...

If I Touched the Moon, What Would It Feel Like?

If you like handling tiny glass shards, sure, go ahead and touch the lunar surface. But avoid the rocks.
NASA Renames Object After Uproar Ov...

NASA Renames Object After Uproar Over Old Name?s Nazi Connotations

Scientists said an object four billion miles from Earth would be given a Native American name: Arrokoth. Its previous, informal name, Ultima Thule, had links to the Third Reich.
Ultra-Black Is the New Black

Ultra-Black Is the New Black

Scientists are setting dark traps from which light cannot escape. But nature already has built a few of her own.

Science Daily

Could the mysteries of antimatter a...

Could the mysteries of antimatter and dark matter be linked?

Researchers have performed the first laboratory experiments to determine whether a slightly different way in which matter and antimatter interact with dark matter might be a key to solving both mysteries.
Predicting evolution: Not just 'sur...

Predicting evolution: Not just 'survival of the fittest'

A new method of 're-barcoding' DNA allows scientists to track rapid evolution in yeast. The approach has implications for the prediction of dominant viral strains.
Firefighters can ease one another's...

Firefighters can ease one another's job stress, but loving spouses may increase it

Strong same-sex friendships among male firefighters can help cut down on their stress -- but loving relationships with their wives may increase anxiety for those who constantly face danger, according to a new study.
Turning (more) fat and sewage into ...

Turning (more) fat and sewage into natural gas

Researchers have developed what is, to date, the most efficient means of converting sewage sludge and restaurant grease into natural gas.
Chitin-binding proteins override ho...

Chitin-binding proteins override host plant's resistance to fungal infection

A recent article studies chitin-binding proteins from a soilborne fungus (Verticillium nonalfalfae) that causes vascular wilt in plants. This fungus binds a particular protein (VnaChtBP) to chitin in order to abolish the host plant's chitin-triggered burst of reactive oxygen species and shield the fungus from being digested by the plant.
New artificial intelligence system ...

New artificial intelligence system automatically evolves to evade internet censorship

Researchers developed a tool called Geneva (short for Genetic Evasion), which automatically learns to circumvent censorship. Tested in China, India and Kazakhstan, Geneva found dozens of ways to circumvent censorship by exploiting gaps in censors' logic and finding bugs that the researchers say would have been virtually impossible to find manually.

Eureka Alert

NJIT biomedical engineer Tara Alvar...

NJIT biomedical engineer Tara Alvarez is a fellow of the American Academy of Optometry

(New Jersey Institute of Technology) Tara Alvarez, a professor of biomedical engineering who studies the links between visual disorders and the brain and develops novel devices to identify and treat them, has been named a fellow of the American Academy of Optometry (AAO).
Study: After trade deal, unhealthy ...

Study: After trade deal, unhealthy foods flowed into Central America, Dominican Republic

(University at Buffalo) The study analyzes the availability of non-nutritious food in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and the Dominican Republic in the years after the Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) was signed between those countries and the US, going into effect in 2006.
Improving trauma pain outcomes

Improving trauma pain outcomes

(University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing) A 7-year prospective cohort study from the Corporal Michael J. Crescenz VA Medical Center (CMCVAMC), University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing (Penn Nursing), and the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania examined the relationship between regional anesthesia (RA) administration and patient-reported pain-related outcomes among Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom service members sustaining a combat-related extremity injury.
A virtual reality camera captures l...

A virtual reality camera captures life and science aboard the space station

(NASA/Johnson Space Center) Partnering with the ISS National Lab and Time, a team from Felix and Paul Studios launched a high quality 360 degree camera to space to help tell the story of science and life aboard the orbiting laboratory.
Precisely poking cells en masse to ...

Precisely poking cells en masse to cure cancer

(University of California - Riverside) A novel microfluidic device addresses one of the most costly steps in the engineered cell therapy manufacturing process, namely gene delivery. Deterministic mechanoporation, or DMP, uses fluid flow to pull each cell in a large population onto its own tiny needle. The flow is then reversed to release the cells from the needles, leaving a singular and precisely defined pore within each cell that allows for gene delivery. Eliminating viral vectors can substantially reduce cost.
Dartmouth study assesses fracture r...

Dartmouth study assesses fracture risk for patients taking multiple medications

(The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth) There is a strong association between the number of fracture-associated drugs (FADs) older patients receive and their risk of sustaining a hip fracture, according to a new Dartmouth study.


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Firm is selling gin infused with el...

Firm is selling gin infused with elephant dung

A South African gin known as Indlovu is made by combining regular ingredients with elephant excrement. Some people claim that they will try anything o...
'Tully Monster' is more mysterious ...

'Tully Monster' is more mysterious than ever

A bizarre prehistoric creature has long proven one of palaeontology's most inexplicable discoveries. Chris Rogers, a postdoctoral researcher in palaeo...
Mystery oxygen fluctuations detecte...

Mystery oxygen fluctuations detected on Mars

The long-running mystery of methane on Mars has now been joined by another perplexing enigma - oxygen. NASA's Curiosity rover has made some fascinatin...
Cat saves baby from falling down st...

Cat saves baby from falling down staircase

This remarkable video from Colombia shows the moment a cat leaps into action to save a baby from a nasty fall. It seems that dogs are not the only hou...
Inmate who 'died' says he's served ...

Inmate who 'died' says he's served life sentence

A man who is in jail for murder maintains that he should be released because he 'died' and was resuscitated. What exactly does it mean when you are ma...
'Bigfoot' charges towards boy in ne...

'Bigfoot' charges towards boy in new footage

A video has emerged showing an alleged Bigfoot charging towards a boy who was walking in the woods. The footage, which was uploaded to the YouTube cha...

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